Many utilities or infrastructure departments do not have full knowledge of the systems and resources which they are managing. Geospatial asset management would combine engineering technical aspects of building, operating, and maintaining civil infrastructure systems with building organizational capacity for utilities or governmental departments to better manage infrastructure and other resources. For example, in Sudan, ...more »
Develop a low-cost cold field sterilization system for small clinics and hospitals for instruments and surroundings using Ozone or UV.
A “Smart-Grids for the Developing World” initiative would involve adapting smart meters for system-wide optimization in developing countries. This could be particularly interesting if it made local generation of power through solar PV or small wind energy more practical. A “smart transmission grid” delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using two-way digital technology to control appliances at consumers' homes ...more »
Ensure bacteriological, physical, and chemical water quality through local systems that are low cost, reliable, and easily maintained - While this is a last line of defense, in most of the developing world it is going to be extremely difficult if not impossible to deliver safe drinking water- there are simply too many things that can go wrong from source contamination through to contamination in distribution systems to ...more »
The most innovative S&T area for urban water, sanitation and electricity services in recent years has been integrated metering and commercial systems for water, sanitation and electricity utilities. This has been all the rage for private sector participation and for reformed public utilities. Getting customers into commercial databases, metering them, issuing bills and collecting bills is a key driver of making services ...more »
The International Energy Agency (IEA) shows that current global market share of clean energy supply (i.e., renewable energy other than large hydropower, biomass, and nuclear) is approximately 1%. The IEA best-case scenario forecasts clean energy technologies may reach nearly 20% global market share by 2030. If efforts to promote and deploy renewable energy technologies are twice as successful as the most optimistic ...more »