Many utilities or infrastructure departments do not have full knowledge of the systems and resources which they are managing. Geospatial asset management would combine engineering technical aspects of building, operating, and maintaining civil infrastructure systems with building organizational capacity for utilities or governmental departments to better manage infrastructure and other resources. For example, in Sudan, ...more »
Although development agencies have invested funds in cookstove projects for decades, they have not yet found the right combination of technology, finance, and behavior change necessary to encourage large-scale fuel switching or sustained uptake of more efficient wood-burning stoves. More than 2.5 billion people around the world prepare their food on open fireplaces fuelled by firewood, plant residues and charcoal and ...more »
Investigate methods to create low cost, low maintenance roads particularly suited for farm to market applications, particularly when employing waste products, i.e. waste rice hulls, mining tailings, etc.
The most innovative S&T area for urban water, sanitation and electricity services in recent years has been integrated metering and commercial systems for water, sanitation and electricity utilities. This has been all the rage for private sector participation and for reformed public utilities. Getting customers into commercial databases, metering them, issuing bills and collecting bills is a key driver of making services ...more »
Adapt the winners of DOE’s solar decathlon (held annually on the National Mall) to create low cost effective solar-based housing for developing countries with sufficient insolation.
Develop applications of biofuels production technologies in developing countries such that food security is not interrupted. Cooperation with industry, the biotech community, NSF, USDA, and DOE will enhance both technical and commercial viability of biofuels options.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) shows that current global market share of clean energy supply (i.e., renewable energy other than large hydropower, biomass, and nuclear) is approximately 1%. The IEA best-case scenario forecasts clean energy technologies may reach nearly 20% global market share by 2030. If efforts to promote and deploy renewable energy technologies are twice as successful as the most optimistic ...more »
The IEA estimates that about 97% of future emissions growth will come from the developing world, especially from emerging economies such as China and India. How can STI bring to bear low emissions energy solutions?
For emerging urban centers in developing countries to achieve a safe, secure and sustainable food supply in 2030 under conditions of climate change, they will increasingly rely on their own higher education systems in agriculture and related sciences to "scale-out" global scientific discovery and invention to adapt and adopt agricultural innovations appropriate for their foodsheds, watersheds and energysheds. Cornell ...more »
Early in the Haiti emergency intervention there were large numbers of IDP’s in camps. The WASH cluster set a goal of building 11,000 latrines with an initial goal of one latrine for every 100 people. However, there were not enough pump trucks in country to properly maintain the latrines, nor was – or is – there a satisfactory method to dispose of the sludge when the latrines are cleaned. Large bag digesters can help ...more »