Many utilities or infrastructure departments do not have full knowledge of the systems and resources which they are managing. Geospatial asset management would combine engineering technical aspects of building, operating, and maintaining civil infrastructure systems with building organizational capacity for utilities or governmental departments to better manage infrastructure and other resources. For example, in Sudan, ...more »
Energy Access, Renewables, and Infrastructure
Although development agencies have invested funds in cookstove projects for decades, they have not yet found the right combination of technology, finance, and behavior change necessary to encourage large-scale fuel switching or sustained uptake of more efficient wood-burning stoves. More than 2.5 billion people around the world prepare their food on open fireplaces fuelled by firewood, plant residues and charcoal and ...more »
This is the mobile phone component of an Ag Risk Management idea. Without insurance, poor small holder farmers must take a low-risk, low return strategy to their selection of crops and related inputs. With insurance, these same farmers are able to take risks – making investments up front in the right seeds and fertilizer to increase their crop yields, hence earning dramatically more to pay for food and school and medical ...more »
Investigate methods to create low cost, low maintenance roads particularly suited for farm to market applications, particularly when employing waste products, i.e. waste rice hulls, mining tailings, etc.
A “Smart-Grids for the Developing World” initiative would involve adapting smart meters for system-wide optimization in developing countries. This could be particularly interesting if it made local generation of power through solar PV or small wind energy more practical. A “smart transmission grid” delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using two-way digital technology to control appliances at consumers' homes ...more »
Ensure bacteriological, physical, and chemical water quality through local systems that are low cost, reliable, and easily maintained - While this is a last line of defense, in most of the developing world it is going to be extremely difficult if not impossible to deliver safe drinking water- there are simply too many things that can go wrong from source contamination through to contamination in distribution systems to ...more »
The most innovative S&T area for urban water, sanitation and electricity services in recent years has been integrated metering and commercial systems for water, sanitation and electricity utilities. This has been all the rage for private sector participation and for reformed public utilities. Getting customers into commercial databases, metering them, issuing bills and collecting bills is a key driver of making services ...more »
Frachise local micro telcos to expand reach of voice and data services
Adapt the winners of DOE’s solar decathlon (held annually on the National Mall) to create low cost effective solar-based housing for developing countries with sufficient insolation.
Develop applications of biofuels production technologies in developing countries such that food security is not interrupted. Cooperation with industry, the biotech community, NSF, USDA, and DOE will enhance both technical and commercial viability of biofuels options.
Develop and use very low cost, and simple to maintain, non-destructive equipment systems (NDES) to evaluate and video-log infrastructure assets, including underground water pipeline systems, non-paved farm to market road surfaces, drainage facilities, and other structures. The NDES and its video-logging devices will be GIS/GPS related and will be operated by community-based micro-enterprises of infrastructure maintenance ...more »
The International Energy Agency (IEA) shows that current global market share of clean energy supply (i.e., renewable energy other than large hydropower, biomass, and nuclear) is approximately 1%. The IEA best-case scenario forecasts clean energy technologies may reach nearly 20% global market share by 2030. If efforts to promote and deploy renewable energy technologies are twice as successful as the most optimistic ...more »