Are there modular, low-cost wastewater treatment options that can be scaled and implemented in a distributed model either in rural or urban settings? If not, who is investing in this area and how can development goals be incorporated into the investments?
Health, Nutrition, and Population
Where is the model toilet of the future for the poor?
Develop a low-cost cold field sterilization system for small clinics and hospitals for instruments and surroundings using Ozone or UV.
What water quality detection and treatment technologies are being demonstrated as scalable? How can or should USAID support scale-up of such technologies?
How might we develop and scale up mobile solutions for health more quickly and sustainably?
What innovative finance structures or scale-up models are available as best practice in the water and sanitation sector? Where is further demonstration/evaluation of scale-up needed?
How might we scale up the use of multiple micronutrient powders, lipid nutrient supplements and biofortification quickly, safely and sustainably?
How might we scale up the use of chlorhexidine for the prevention of newborn sepsis quickly, safely and sustainably?
How might we scale up the use of Misoprostol for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage quickly, safely and sustainably?
Food security with main emphasis to food safety and zoonotic diseases control need to be a priority. No food security, no truly democratic society and no development. Zoonotic foodborne diseases are wih no boundaries and major problems globally.
How might we bring to market a portable, low cost means of sterilizing medical instruments and related surgical facilities?
Low cost production methods for essential drugs and vaccines, preferably within the region or in-country. Development of vaccines that will not require cold storage.