Although development agencies have invested funds in cookstove projects for decades, they have not yet found the right combination of technology, finance, and behavior change necessary to encourage large-scale fuel switching or sustained uptake of more efficient wood-burning stoves. More than 2.5 billion people around the world prepare their food on open fireplaces fuelled by firewood, plant residues and charcoal and ...more »
Investigate methods to create low cost, low maintenance roads particularly suited for farm to market applications, particularly when employing waste products, i.e. waste rice hulls, mining tailings, etc.
A “Smart-Grids for the Developing World” initiative would involve adapting smart meters for system-wide optimization in developing countries. This could be particularly interesting if it made local generation of power through solar PV or small wind energy more practical. A “smart transmission grid” delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using two-way digital technology to control appliances at consumers' homes ...more »
The most innovative S&T area for urban water, sanitation and electricity services in recent years has been integrated metering and commercial systems for water, sanitation and electricity utilities. This has been all the rage for private sector participation and for reformed public utilities. Getting customers into commercial databases, metering them, issuing bills and collecting bills is a key driver of making services ...more »
Develop applications of biofuels production technologies in developing countries such that food security is not interrupted. Cooperation with industry, the biotech community, NSF, USDA, and DOE will enhance both technical and commercial viability of biofuels options.
Adapt the winners of DOE’s solar decathlon (held annually on the National Mall) to create low cost effective solar-based housing for developing countries with sufficient insolation.
The IEA estimates that about 97% of future emissions growth will come from the developing world, especially from emerging economies such as China and India. How can STI bring to bear low emissions energy solutions?
What is the model fuel efficient stove for cooking?
What is the model clean, cost-effective energy source for lighting/heating/cooling?
The International Energy Agency (IEA) shows that current global market share of clean energy supply (i.e., renewable energy other than large hydropower, biomass, and nuclear) is approximately 1%. The IEA best-case scenario forecasts clean energy technologies may reach nearly 20% global market share by 2030. If efforts to promote and deploy renewable energy technologies are twice as successful as the most optimistic ...more »